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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Jan;38(1):27-32.

Structural validity of a self-report concussion-related symptom scale.

Author information

1
School of Human Performance and Recreation, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS 39406-0001, USA. scott.piland@usm.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study evaluated the factorial validity of a self-report measure of concussion-related symptom severity among a large sample of male, high-school athletes.

METHODS:

Participants (N = 1089) were nonconcussed, male, high-school football players. All participants completed a single baseline self-report measure of concussion-related symptom severity, namely the graded symptom checklist (GSC). We tested the factorial validity of the measure with confirmatory factor analysis using LISREL 8.50.

RESULTS:

The analysis indicated that a theoretically derived, three-factor model provided a good, but not excellent, fit for the 16-item GSC. Excellent model-data fit was demonstrated for the three-factor model for a 9-item version of the GSC. In both instances, the three factors were best described by a single second-order factor, namely concussion symptomatology.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides additional evidence for the factorial validity of a summative self-reported measure of concussion-related symptoms. The factor structure represents a cohesive group of nine symptoms that can be explained by three underlying latent variables, namely somatic symptoms, neurobehavioral symptoms, and "cognitive" symptoms, subsumed under a single higher-order factor, namely concussion symptoms.

PMID:
16394950
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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