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Inhal Toxicol. 2006 Feb;18(2):127-36.

Comparison of chamber 6.6-h exposures to 0.04-0.08 PPM ozone via square-wave and triangular profiles on pulmonary responses.

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Human Performance Laboratory, Exercise Biology Program, University of California, Davis, California, USA.


It has become increasingly well realized that laboratory simulations of air pollution risk assessment need to employ O(3) concentration profiles that more accurately mimic those encountered during summer daylight ambient air pollution episodes. The present study was designed to compare the pulmonary function and symptoms of breathing discomfort responses to a 6.6-h square-wave 0.08-ppm O(3) chamber exposure to those observed in a triangular O(3) exposure profile (mean of 0.08 ppm), as well as to both a 0.06-ppm square-wave and triangular mean 0.06-ppm exposure, and to those observed during a triangular mean 0.04-ppm exposure and to a filtered air (FA) square-wave exposure. Thirty young adults (15 of each gender) served as subjects, each completing all exposures. While the 6.6-h postexposure responses to the acute triangular exposure to a mean O(3) concentration of 0.08 ppm did not differ significantly from those observed in the square-wave exposure, forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV)(1.0) and total symptoms severity (TSS) were significantly different from preexposure at 4.6 h (when O(3) concentration was 0.15 ppm) in the triangular exposure, but not until 6.6 h in the square-wave exposure. Thus, significant pulmonary function and symptoms responses were observed over a longer period in the triangular exposure protocol at a mean O(3) concentration of 0.08 ppm. These results support previous evidence that O(3) concentration has a greater singular effect in the total inhaled O(3) dose than do V(E) and exposure duration. Subtracting pulmonary function effects consequent to O(3) exposure to existent 8-h average background levels (e.g., approximately 0.04 ppm, rather than those observed in FA exposures) from those observed at higher concentrations (e.g., approximately 0.08 ppm) represents a means of focusing the regulatory effort on effects that can be controlled. The greatest pulmonary function and symptoms responses observed for a 0.04-ppm triangular exposure were nearly the same as those for the FA square-wave exposure. Thus, results of the present study show that calculating the net pulmonary function effect of exposure to 0.08 ppm with "correction" for FA response, or for that incurred for 0.04 ppm O(3), does not result in any statistically significant difference.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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