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Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Jan;29(1):51-9.

[Animal models for the study of portal hypertension].

[Article in Spanish]

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Servicio de Hepatología, ICMDiM, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.


Animal models allow detailed study of the hemodynamic alterations in portal hypertension syndrome and of the molecular mechanisms involved in the abnormalities in splenic and systemic circulation associated with this syndrome. Models of prehepatic portal hypertension can be used to study alterations in the splenic circulation and the physiopathology of hyperdynamic circulation. Moreover, models of cirrhosis allow the alterations in intrahepatic microcirculation that lead to increased resistance to portal flow to be studied. The present review summarizes currently available animal models of portal hypertension and analyzes their relative utility in investigating the distinct disorders associated with this entity. The criteria for the choice of a particular model, depending on the specific objectives of the study, are also discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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