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J Med Chem. 2006 Jan 12;49(1):282-99.

Design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of 1-,3-,8-, and 9-substituted-9-deazaxanthines at the human A2B adenosine receptor.

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Dipartimento Farmaco-chimico, Università di Bari, via Orabona 4, I-70125 Bari, Italy.


Over two hundred 1-, 3-, 8-, and 9-substituted-9-deazaxanthines were prepared and evaluated for their binding affinity at the recombinant human adenosine receptors, in particular at the hA(2B) and hA(2A) subtypes. Several ligands endowed with sub-micromolar to low nanomolar binding affinity at hA(2B) receptors, good selectivity over hA(2A) and hA(3), but a relatively poor selectivity over hA(1) were obtained. Good antagonistic potencies and efficacies, with pA(2) values close to the corresponding pK(i)s, were observed in functional assays in vitro performed on a selected series of compounds. 1,3-Dimethyl-8-phenoxy-(N-p-halogenophenyl)-acetamido-9-deazaxanthine derivatives appeared as the most interesting leads, some of them showing outstanding hA(2B) affinities, high selectivity over hA(2A) and hA(3), but low selectivity over hA(1). Structure-affinity relationships suggested that the binding potency at the hA(2B) receptor was mainly modulated by the steric (lipophilic) properties of the substituents at positions 1 and 3 and by the electronic and lipophilic characteristics of the substituents at position 8. A comparison among affinity and selectivity profiles of 9-deazaxanthines with the corresponding xanthines suggested some possible differences in their binding mode.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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