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J Med Chem. 2006 Jan 12;49(1):273-81.

Structure-activity relationships of 2-chloro-N6-substituted-4'-thioadenosine-5'-uronamides as highly potent and selective agonists at the human A3 adenosine receptor.

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Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea.


We have established structure-activity relationships of novel 4'-thionucleoside analogues as the A(3) adenosine receptor (AR) agonists. Binding affinity, selectivity toward other AR subtypes, and efficacy in inhibition of adenylate cyclase were studied. From this study, 2-chloro-N(6)-methyl-4'-thioadenosine-5'-methyluronamide (36a) emerged as the most potent and selective agonist at the human A(3) AR. We have also revealed that, similar to 4'-oxoadenosine analogues, at least one hydrogen on the 5'-uronamide moiety was necessary for high-affinity binding at the human A(3) AR, presumably to allow this group to donate a H bond within the binding site. Furthermore, bulky substituents on the 5'-uronamide reduced binding affinity, but in some cases large 5'-uronamide substituents, such as substituted benzyl and 2-phenylethyl groups, maintained moderate affinity with reduced efficacy, leading to A(3) AR partial agonists or antagonists. In several cases for which the corresponding 4'-oxonucleosides have been studied, the 4'-thionucleosides showed higher binding affinity to the A(3) AR.

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