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Gene. 1992 Aug 15;117(2):209-17.

Differential regulation of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA expression in normal and Ha-ras-transformed murine fibroblasts.

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Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.


A cDNA containing the complete coding region of the murine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) was isolated using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction amplification. The predicted murine TIMP-2 amino acid sequence shows 96% identity with human TIMP-2, but only 42% identity with murine TIMP-1. This high degree of evolutionary conservation between the human and mouse proteins suggests that TIMP-2 performs an essential biological function. The expression of the TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNAs was examined in normal and ras-transformed murine fibroblasts. While TIMP-1 transcription was highly serum-inducible in normal murine C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts, TIMP-2 mRNA expression was largely constitutive. A series of ras-transformed derivatives of C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts showed great variability in TIMP-1 expression: some lines retained serum inducibility, others displayed constitutive expression at either high or low levels. In contrast, TIMP-2 expression was insensitive to transformation. Neither TIMP-1 nor TIMP-2 expression at the RNA level, or total TIMP activity in conditioned media could be correlated with the metastatic potential of the ras-transformed lines. Our data demonstrate that the mechanisms that regulate murine TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 expression are distinct arguing for different physiological roles for the two TIMPs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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