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Physiother Theory Pract. 2005 Apr-Jun;21(2):113-20.

Fear of falling, balance, and gait velocity in patients with stroke.

Author information

1
Department of Physiotherapy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Högsbo, Göteborg, Sweden. eva.m.rosen@vgregion.se

Abstract

After a stroke balance can be impaired, that may influence the physical activities which can be undertaken. A person's confidence in performing activities without falling could be as important as the real balance ability in situations of daily living. The aims of the study were to evaluate the relationship between perceived self-confidence in task performance without falling, using the Falls Efficacy Scale, Swedish version, (FES(S)) and observer-assessed balance, measured by the BDL Balance Scale (BDL BS) and also between the FES(S) and gait velocity. Thirty-one subjects with stroke, 32-62 years of age, time since onset between 3 and 104 months, participated The FES(S) was significantly correlated with the BDL BS (r = 0.49, p = 0.008). Furthermore there were significant correlations between the FES(S) and self-selected (r = 0.53, p = 0.003) as well as for maximum (r = 0.55, p = 0.002) gait velocity. The results indicate that the use of the FES(S) can be recommended in subjects with stroke and balance deficit in order to map out the dimension of self-confidence in balance problems. However, in more highly functioning subjects with stroke other fall-efficacy assessments with major demands on balance performance may be preferable due to partly ceiling effect in the study population.

PMID:
16392464
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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