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Br J Surg. 2006 Feb;93(2):210-5.

Progressive rise in gut hormone levels after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass suggests gut adaptation and explains altered satiety.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, King's College Hospital, Imperial College, London SE5 9RS, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for achieving long-term weight loss in morbidly obese patients. This study investigated prospective changes in gut hormones and metabolic indices after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

METHODS:

Six patients were seen before, and at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. Blood was collected after a 12-h fast and at regular intervals after a mixed 420-kcal meal. Hormonal responses were determined, and comparisons between basal levels and areas under the curve were made. Visual analogue scores were used to assess satiety, hunger and nausea.

RESULTS:

Mean body mass index decreased from 48.3 kg/m(2) before surgery to 36.4 kg/m(2) 6 months after RYGB. This was accompanied by a decrease in fasting leptin (P < 0.001) and insulin (P = 0.021) levels. At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, progressively increasing peptide YY (P < 0.001), enteroglucagon (P = 0.045) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (P = 0.042) responses were observed. There was no change in fasting ghrelin levels (P = 0.144). Postprandial satiety was significantly increased by 1 month after surgery and this was maintained until the end of the study (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

RYGB resulted in substantial weight loss with enhanced postprandial satiety, a sustained weight plateau, and proportionate reduction in fasting insulin and leptin levels. Lack of the expected increase in appetite and food intake as components of a counter-regulatory response may be explained by gut adaptation and the consequent graded rise in the levels of gut hormones that promote satiety.

PMID:
16392104
DOI:
10.1002/bjs.5227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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