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Curr Microbiol. 2006 Jan;52(1):60-3. Epub 2005 Dec 26.

Detection and identification of cry1I genes in Bacillus thuringiensis using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

Author information

1
Area Bioinsumos Microbianos, Instituto de Microbiología y Zoología Agrícola, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, De Los Reseros y Las Cabañas s/nro., C.C. 25, C.P. 1712 Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina. dsauka@cnia.inta.gov.ar

Abstract

A polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method for detection and identification of cry1I genes from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) was established. Based on the analysis of conserved regions of the cry1I genes, 2 oligonucleotide primers were designed to amplify a 665-bp fragment of the genes. The amplification products were digested with restriction endonuclease HinfI or with RsaI in addition for specific detection of different variants from the known subclasses of cry1I genes. The PCR-RFLP pattern obtained revealed the detection of cry1I genes in 151 of 202 native Bt isolates. Furthermore, cry1I genes were detectable in 10 of 19 standard strains tested. The cry1Ia gene was the most abundant cry1I gene subclass present in 54 of 56 native Bt isolates and in 8 of 10 standard strains. Based on the results obtained, the PCR-RFLP method may be a valuable and reliable tool for specific detection and identification of cry1I genes.

PMID:
16392002
DOI:
10.1007/s00284-005-0171-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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