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Schmerz. 2006 Feb;20(1):40-50.

[Buprenorphine in children. A clinical and pharmacological review].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Kinderklinik, Klinikum Konstanz. Erik.Michel@klinikum-konstanz.de

Abstract

There is a paucity of relevant pediatric data on buprenorphine, especially with respect to the long-term application in children suffering chronic pain or to pediatric pharmacokinetic as well as pharmacodynamic data after repeated sublingual or long-term transdermal administration. Compared to adults, after single-dose buprenorphine, children seem to exhibit a larger clearance related to body weight and a longer duration of action. If combined with other opioids or sedatives or if the metabolite norbuprenorphine cumulates, it is difficult to estimate the risk of respiratory depression. Clear-cut evidence is missing that in children there is a ceiling of buprenorphine-induced respiratory depression. Due to its various application routes, long duration of action, and metabolism largely independent of renal function buprenorphine is of special clinical interest in pediatrics, especially for postoperative pain and cancer pain control. There is no reason to expect effects fundamentally different from those in adults.

PMID:
16391920
DOI:
10.1007/s00482-005-0456-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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