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Exp Parasitol. 1992 Aug;75(1):99-111.

Trichinella spiralis: dose dependence and kinetics of the mucosal immune response in mice.

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1
Department of Zoology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Abstract

The role of the mucosal immune response in helminth infections is not clear. In this study, the dose dependence and kinetics of the mucosal immune response to Trichinella spiralis were determined in experimentally infected Swiss Webster and BALB/c mice. The primary mucosal isotype was sIgA, although IgG was also detected, and primary infections with 10 and 150 larvae produced an anamnestic response on challenge. The mucosal and systemic immunoglobulin responses were dose dependent in both primary and challenge infections. The fecundity and length of worms and the rate of expulsion from the gut were determined on Day 6 postchallenge in Swiss Webster mice. Adult worm recovery and fecundity were reduced by greater than 50% and worm length by 28% in mice infected and challenged with 10 larvae and by 90, 85, and 35%, respectively, in mice infected and challenged with 150 larvae. The rate of expulsion was correlated with the size of both primary and challenge doses and a reduction in fecundity was correlated with the size of the primary dose only. The reduction in worm length did not differ significantly between the infection doses, but the trend was similar to that for expulsion. In BALB/c mice the expulsion response was dissociated from a reduction in fecundity and worm length, the latter two being positively correlated with sIgA levels, supporting a role for sIgA and/or IgG in these effects. However, expulsion does not appear to be dependent on the mucosal immunoglobulin response.

PMID:
1639167
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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