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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Apr;60(4):529-37.

Effect of plant sterols and glucomannan on lipids in individuals with and without type II diabetes.

Author information

1
School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal, Qu├ębec, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to determine whether supplements of plant sterols and/or glucomannan improve lipid profile and cholesterol biosynthesis in mildly hypercholesterolemic type II diabetic and non-diabetic subjects and to compare the response of these two subject groups to the treatments.

DESIGN:

A randomized, crossover study consisting of four phases of 21 days, with each phase separated by a 28-day washout.

SETTING:

The Mary Emily Clinical Nutrition Research Unit of McGill University.

SUBJECTS:

Eighteen non-diabetic individuals and 16 type II diabetic individuals aged 38-74 years.

INTERVENTIONS:

Subjects were supplemented with plant sterols (1.8 g/day), glucomannan (10 g/day), a combination of glucomannan and plant sterols, and a placebo, provided in the form of bars.

RESULTS:

Overall plasma cholesterol concentrations were lowered (P<0.05) after combination treatment (4.72+/-0.20 mmol/l) compared to control (5.47+/-0.18 mmol/l). Plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations were decreased (P<0.05) after glucomannan (3.16+/-0.14 mmol/l) and combination treatments (2.95+/-0.16 mmol/l) compared to control (3.60+/-0.16 mmol/l). The results of lipid profiles did not differ between subject groups. Overall plasma lathosterol concentrations, an index of cholesterol biosynthesis, were lowered (P<0.05) after the combination treatment compared to the plant sterol treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that glucomannan and a combination of glucomannan and plant sterols substantially improves plasma LDL cholesterol concentrations.

SPONSORSHIP:

Forbes Medi-Tech Inc., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

PMID:
16391591
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602347
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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