Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Nov;18(5):289-98.

Perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcome with isolated fetal ventriculomegaly: a systematic review.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada.



To establish the perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of fetuses diagnosed with isolated ventriculomegaly (IVM).


A systematic review of cohort, case/control studies, case series and case reports of IVM (unilateral or bilateral enlargement of the lateral ventricle, >or=10 mm, with no additional diagnosis at the time of the initial ultrasound), identified by searching, without language restrictions, The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and Embase databases in June 2004.


No cohort study was retrieved but 577 cases were identified in one case/control study and 29 case series/case reports. Of 207 cases with follow-up and known gestational age at diagnosis, normal developmental outcomes were found in 82%, mild impairments in 9% and moderate/severe impairments in 10%. Prenatal diagnosis could possibly have reduced the risk of moderate/severe impairments to 7%. In 137 cases followed to at least 20 months of age, 79% had normal neurodevelopment, 10% were mildly delayed and 11% had moderate/severe developmental delays.


Outcome was favorable in 85% of IVM cases, decreasing to 79% when cases were followed to at least 20 months of age. We recommend prospective cohort studies with new diagnostic modalities to better identify the underlying conditions relating to moderate/severe impairments in the remaining cases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis
    Loading ...
    Support Center