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Dev Neuropsychol. 2006;29(1):261-77.

Effect of modality on spelling words varying in linguistic demands.

Author information

  • 1Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Missouri State University, Springfield, 65804, USA. juliemasterson@missouristate.edu

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which spelling accuracy is influenced by response modality. A spelling list consisting of 40 words that varied in linguistic complexity was administered to students in Grades 2 through 6. Each student completed three tasks: (a) a words-per-minute measure to determine keyboarding proficiency, (b) spelling a word list via handwriting, and (c) spelling a word list on a computer. Independent variables included response modality, linguistic complexity, and grade level. Dependent measures included the percent words spelled correctly. Keyboarding proficiency was included as a covariate. Modality rarely affected spelling accuracy, regardless of the linguistic complexity of the target words. These findings suggest that spelling knowledge draws on modality-free, lexical representations stored in long-term memory. Further, they suggest that computer-based instruments are a viable option for spelling assessment.

PMID:
16390297
DOI:
10.1207/s15326942dn2901_13
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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