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Neuron. 2006 Jan 5;49(1):95-106.

Long-term depression of kainate receptor-mediated synaptic transmission.

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Biomedical Science, School of Medicine and Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.


Kainate receptors (KARs) have been shown to be involved in hippocampal mossy fiber long-term potentiation (LTP); however, it is not known if KARs are involved in the induction or expression of long-term depression (LTD), the other major form of long-term synaptic plasticity. Here we describe LTD of KAR-mediated synaptic transmission (EPSC(KA) LTD) in perirhinal cortex layer II/III neurons that is distinct from LTD of AMPAR-mediated transmission, which also coexists at the same synapses. Induction of EPSC(KA) LTD requires a rise in postsynaptic Ca(2+) but is independent of NMDARs or T-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels; however, it requires synaptic activation of inwardly rectifying KARs and release of Ca(2+) from stores. The synaptic KARs are regulated by tonically activated mGluR5, and expression of EPSC(KA) LTD occurs via a mechanism involving mGluR5, PKC, and PICK1 PDZ domain interactions. Thus, we describe the induction and expression mechanism of a form of synaptic plasticity, EPSC(KA) LTD.

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