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J Electrocardiol. 2006 Jan;39(1):103-9. Epub 2005 Nov 28.

QT dispersion is determined by the relative extent of normal, hibernating, and scarred myocardium in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy. A dobutamine stress echocardiography study before and after surgical revascularization.

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1
1st Department of Cardiology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Hospital, Greece. chpapado@auth.gr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate a possible association between QT dispersion (QTd) and the amount of viable and scarred myocardial tissue after revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease and impaired left ventricular (LV) function.

METHODS:

Twenty-two patients with ischemic LV dysfunction underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) before and 6 months after surgical revascularization. Mean corrected QT-interval value and QTd were calculated at baseline and follow-up. Segments consisting of transmural scar were determined as the segments that remained akinetic in all stages of DSE despite reperfusion. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the number of definitive segments consisting of transmural scar (minor scar group, < or =2 scarred segments; major scar group, >2 scarred segments).

RESULTS:

QTd was significantly lower in the minor compared with the major scar group at baseline and follow-up (mean [SD], 61 [22] vs 98 [33] milliseconds, P = .008, and 45 [18] vs 68 [21] milliseconds, P = .01, respectively). Segments consisting of transmural scar positively correlated to QTd at baseline (r = 0.53, P = .01) and follow-up (r = 0.62, P = .002).

CONCLUSIONS:

QTd is positively correlated with the extent of scarred myocardial tissue assessed by DSE. Surgical revascularization results in reduction of QTd in all patients with hibernating myocardium and LV dysfunction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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