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Proteomics. 2006 Feb;6(3):804-16.

Insights into the membrane proteome of rat liver peroxisomes: microsomal glutathione-S-transferase is shared by both subcellular compartments.

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Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology II, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.


Peroxisomes are ubiquitous "multipurpose" organelles of eukaryotic cells. Their matrix enzymes catalyze mainly catabolic and anabolic reactions of lipid metabolism, thus contributing to the regulation of lipid homeostasis. Since most metabolites must be actively transported across the peroxisomal membrane and since individual proteins and protein complexes play functional roles in such transport processes, we analyzed the peroxisomal membrane proteome. Benzyldimethyl-n-hexadecylammoniumchloride (16-BAC)/SDS-2-D-PAGE and mass spectrometry were used to characterize the proteomes of highly purified "light" and "heavy" peroxisomes of rat liver obtained by density gradient centrifugation. In both populations, the major integral membrane proteins could be detected in high concentrations, verifying 16-BAC/SDS-2-D-PAGE as a suitable tool for the preparation of membrane proteomes destined for mass spectrometric analysis. Both reliable and reproducible detection of a distinct set of microsomal (ER) membrane proteins, including microsomal glutathione-S-transferase (mGST), in light and heavy peroxisomal fractions was also possible. Compared with the abundance of most microsomal membrane proteins, we found mGST to be specifically enriched in peroxisomal membrane fractions. Furthermore, C terminus epitope-tagged mGST versions were localized at least in part to peroxisomes in different mammalian cell lines. Taken together, these data suggest that the peroxisomal GST is not a mere ER-contaminant, but a bona fide protein comprising the membrane proteome of both intracellular compartments. In addition, we could detect several mitochondrial proteins in light peroxisome fractions. This finding may likely indicate a physical association of light peroxisomes with mitochondria, since the organelles could be partly separated by mechanical stress. Whether this association is of functional importance awaits further investigation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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