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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Jan;42(1):22-6.

Cytokine expression in normal and inflamed esophageal mucosa: a study into the pathogenesis of allergic eosinophilic esophagitis.

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1
Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. sgupta@iupui.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We studied the expression of cytokines and inflammatory cells in normal and inflamed esophageal mucosa of children with the aim of furthering our understanding of the pathophysiology of allergic eosinophilic esophagitis (AEE).

METHODS:

Controls and AEE patients (>or=15 eosinophils/high-power field on esophageal mucosal biopsies) between the ages of 1 and 18 years were recruited. Esophageal biopsies were obtained for histologic examination, immunohistochemical studies, and cytokine analysis.

RESULTS:

Eight controls (4 males; mean age 9.99 years) and 11 AEE patients (8 males; mean age 7.15 years) were studied. mRNA expression of interferon (IFN)-gamma, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13, eotaxin-1, eotaxin-2, eotaxin-3, and RANTES was studied. IFN-gamma and IL-5 expressions were significantly up-regulated in AEE patients compared with controls. Expressions of IL-4 and IL-13 were similar between AEE patients and controls. Eotaxin-1 expression was significantly up-regulated in AEE patients, whereas eotaxin-2 was up-regulated in controls. Expression of RANTES and eotaxin-3 was similar between the two groups. There was increased staining for mast cells in AEE patients compared with controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data suggests that AEE is primarily an IL-5 selective TH2 response, with a possible TH1 component, and a differential role of eosinophilic chemoattractants. The role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of AEE needs additional study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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