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Theriogenology. 2006 Jul 15;66(2):275-82. Epub 2005 Dec 27.

In vitro production and initiation of pregnancies in inter-genus nuclear transfer embryos derived from leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) nuclei fused with domestic cat (Felis silverstris catus) enucleated oocytes.

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  • 1Department of Animal Science & Technology, Sunchon National University, 315 Megok-dong, Sunchon 540-742, JeonNam Province, S. Korea.

Erratum in

  • Theriogenology. 2007 Jul 1;68(1):115. Yin, Xijin [corrected to Yin, Xi-Jun].


The leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), a member of the felidae family, is currently listed as threatened by the Ministry of Environment in South Korea. In exotic or endangered species, the lack of oocytes and recipients precludes the use of traditional somatic cell nuclear transfer, and an approach such as inter-genus nuclear transfer may be the only alternative for producing embryos and offspring. In the present study, we used the leopard cat as a somatic cell donor to evaluate the in vivo developmental competence, after transfer into domestic cat recipients, of cloned embryos produced by the fusion of leopard cat fibroblast cell nuclei with domestic cat cytoplasts. A total of 412 enucleated domestic cat oocytes were reconstructed with either male (Group A) or female (Group B) adult leopard cat fibroblasts. There was no significant difference in fusion rate (60.4% versus 56.9%) between Groups A and B. Of the cultured embryos, the cleavage and blastocyst developmental rate were not significantly different between Groups A and B (69.5% versus 60.8%; 7.2% versus 7.8%, P > 0.05). In Group A, in vivo developmental studies at 30-45 days postimplantation demonstrated 4.8% (21/435) of reconstructed embryos (n = 435) had entered into the uterine lining of recipients, while 1.4% (6/435) formed fetuses. However, all of the reconstructed embryos failed to develop to term (65 days). Microsatellite analyses confirmed that the nuclear genome of the cloned fetus were leopard cat in origin.

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