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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Nov 11;95(20):203901. Epub 2005 Nov 7.

Magnetic metamaterials at telecommunication and visible frequencies.

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Institut für Angewandte Physik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany.


Arrays of gold split rings with a 50-nm minimum feature size and with an LC resonance at 200 THz frequency (1.5 microm wavelength) are fabricated. For normal-incidence conditions, they exhibit a pronounced fundamental magnetic mode, arising from a coupling via the electric component of the incident light. For oblique incidence, a coupling via the magnetic component is demonstrated as well. Moreover, we identify a novel higher-order magnetic resonance at around 370 THz (800 nm wavelength) that evolves out of the Mie resonance for oblique incidence. Comparison with theory delivers good agreement and also shows that the structures allow for a negative magnetic permeability.

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