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Brain Res. 1992 Mar 6;574(1-2):164-70.

Differential effect of self-stimulation on dopamine release and metabolism in the rat medial frontal cortex, nucleus accumbens and striatum studied by in vivo microdialysis.

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Department of Psychology, Nagoya University College of Medical Technology, Japan.


Changes in the extracellular levels of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in the dopaminergic terminal regions, the medial frontal cortex (MFC), nucleus accumbens (NAC), and striatum (STR), were measured by microdialysis during self-stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) in rats pretreated with the DA uptake inhibitor, nomifensine (1 mg/kg, i.p.). Self-stimulation of the MFB in nomifensine-pretreated rats caused an increase in the extracellular DA level in the MFC and NAC but not in the STR. Self-stimulation also increased the extracellular concentrations of the main DA metabolites, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) to a similar extent in the MFC and NAC and to a lesser extent in the STR. Thus, there was a regional difference in the neurochemical changes following self-stimulation with either the MFC or the NAC showing larger extracellular levels of DA, DOPAC, and HVA than the STR. Furthermore, these changes were observed on both hemispheres ipsilateral and contralateral to the stimulation. The results indicate that self-stimulation of the MFB preferentially activates the mesocorticolimbic DA systems, thereby bilateral increases in the release of DA and its metabolism being produced in their terminal regions, the MFC and NAC.

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