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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Oct 21;95(17):176401. Epub 2005 Oct 17.

Spin-charge separation in cold fermi gases: a real time analysis.

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Institute for Theoretical Physics C, RWTH Aachen, D-52056 Aachen, Germany.


Using the adaptive time-dependent density-matrix renormalization group method for the 1D Hubbard model, the splitting of local perturbations into separate wave packets carrying charge and spin is observed in real time. We show the robustness of this separation beyond the low-energy Luttinger liquid theory by studying the time evolution of single particle excitations and density wave packets. A striking signature of spin-charge separation is found in 1D cold Fermi gases in a harmonic trap at the boundary between liquid and Mott-insulating phases. We give quantitative estimates for an experimental observation of spin-charge separation in an array of atomic wires.

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