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Postepy Biochem. 2005;51(3):308-17.

[Adaptor proteins of blood platelets].

[Article in Polish]

Author information

1
Zakład Biofizyki Molekularnej i Medycznej, Instytut Fizjologii i Biochemii, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lodzi, Lódź. ulakr@yahoo.com

Abstract

Adaptor proteins play a pivotal role in the regulation of signal transduction events elicited after the engagement of cell surface receptors. Platelets exhibit a number of integral membrane receptors capable of initiating a cellular response. These include collagen receptors, von Willebrand factor receptors, the fibrinogen receptor, and a number of G-protein coupled receptors, such as those for thrombin and ADP. The primary function of platelet receptors is the translation of externally applied signals into appropriate responses leading to platelet activation being a prerequisite for normal hemostasis. Multitude of signalling pathways described in platelets is based on the interaction of compounds of many different categories, such as transmembrane receptors, protein kinases, protein phoshatases, G-proteins, transmembrane and cytosolic adaptor proteins, phosphoinositides, cyclic AMP or GMP. Adaptor proteins lack intrinsic effector function, but contain distinct molecular domains, which mediate protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions. These molecules thus serve as a scaffolding, around which effectors and their substrates are assembled into three-dimensional signaling complexes. Adaptor proteins integrate receptor-mediated signals at intracellular levels and couple signaling receptors to cytosolic signaling pathways. While the function of adaptor proteins is well established in immune cells, the knowledge about their role in platelet activation is still at the onset Over the last decade numerous adaptor proteins have been identified in platelets and shown to be involved in accurate assembly of intracellular signaling complexes. Collagen-induced platelet intracellular signaling through GPVI resembles the functional response of B- and T-cell antigen receptors and is the best described in the literature. This review focuses on the structure and functional role of the most extensively studied adaptor proteins during platelet activation induced by physiological agonists.

PMID:
16381175
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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