Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Immunol. 2005 Nov;25(6):511-21.

Manifold mechanisms of Toll-like receptor-ligand recognition.

Author information

Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, 3-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


Toll-like receptors recognize a diverse range of molecules derived from pathogens as well as host cells. As the number and diversity of TLR ligands and host factors increase, more questions are being raised. Here, we review recent advances toward understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying TLR-mediated direct or indirect recognition of their diverse range of ligands, including lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. The elucidation of such mechanisms may represent a key for developing novel immunotherapeutics for infectious diseases, allergies, or cancer and to intervene in immunological disorders such as autoimmune diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center