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Neurology. 2005 Dec 27;65(12):1936-40.

A mutation in myotilin causes spheroid body myopathy.

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  • 1Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5251, USA.



Spheroid body myopathy (SBM) is a rare, autosomal dominant, neuromuscular disorder, which has only been previously reported in a single large kindred. Identification of the mutated gene in this disorder may provide insight regarding abnormal neuromuscular function.


The authors completed a detailed clinical evaluation on an extensive kindred diagnosed with SBM. Genome-wide linkage analysis was performed to localize the disease gene to a specific chromosomal region. Further marker genotyping and screening of a positional, functional candidate gene were completed to detect the disease-causing mutation. Pathologic analysis of muscle biopsy was performed on three individuals. Biochemical studies were performed on one muscle biopsy specimen from an affected individual.


Linkage to chromosome 5q23-5q31 was detected with a lod score of 2.9. Genotyping of additional markers in a larger sample of family members produced a maximum lod score of 6.1 and narrowed the critical interval to 12.2 cM. Screening of the candidate gene titin immunoglobulin domain protein (TTID, also known as MYOT) detected a cytosine-to-thymine mutation in exon 2 of all clinically affected family members. Similar pathologic changes were present in all muscle biopsy specimens. Immunohistologic and biochemical analysis revealed that the TTID protein, also known as myotilin, is a component of the insoluble protein aggregate.


A novel mutation in the TTID gene results in the clinical and pathologic phenotype termed "spheroid body myopathy." Mutations in this gene also cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1A and are associated with myofibrillar myopathy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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