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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2006 Jun;290(6):F1315-9. Epub 2005 Dec 27.

Endothelin-1 stimulates NO production and inhibits cAMP accumulation in rat inner medullary collecting duct through independent pathways.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology, Univ. of Utah Health Sciences Center, 1900 East, 30 North, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA.


Endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibition of vasopressin (AVP)-stimulated cAMP accumulation in the collecting duct has been hypothesized to be mediated, at least in part, by nitric oxide (NO). To examine this, the effect of ET-1 on NO production by acutely isolated rat inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cell suspensions and the role of NO in mediating ET-1 effects on AVP-stimulated cAMP accumulation were studied. ET-1 dose dependently (first evident at 100 pM ET-1) increased IMCD NO production as determined by DAF-FM fluorescence. ET(B) receptor (BQ-788), but not ET(A) receptor (BQ-123), antagonism blocked this effect. Nonspecific NO synthase (NOS) inhibitors [N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine] or NOS-1 inhibitors (SMTC or VNIO) inhibited the ET-1 response, whereas NOS-2 or NOS-3 inhibitors (L-NAA or 1400W) were ineffective. ET-1 also increased cGMP accumulation. ET-1 caused a 35% reduction in AVP-stimulated cAMP levels; however, this response was not affected by L-NAME or SMTC. The addition of L-arginine, NADPH, tetrahydrobiopterin, or tempol (to reduce superoxide-dependent conversion of NO to peroxynitrate) did not affect the response. NO donors (SNAP or spermine NONOate), at concentrations that stimulated DAF-FM fluorescence and increased cGMP levels, did not alter AVP-stimulated cAMP accumulation in the IMCD cell suspensions. In conclusion, ET-1 stimulates IMCD NO production through activation of the ET(B) receptor and NOS-1. However, neither ET-1-mediated NO production nor NO donors inhibit AVP-stimulated cAMP accumulation, indicating that NO does not mediate ET-1 inhibition of cAMP production by the IMCD.

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