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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Jun 26;1126(3):255-60.

Tumor accumulation of novel RES-avoiding liposomes.

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Department of Radiobiochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Japan.


For passive targeting of liposomes to tumor tissues, we earlier developed reticuloendothelial system (RES)-avoiding liposomes modified with a uronic acid derivative, palmityl-D-glucuronide (PGlcUA) (Namba, Y., Sakakibara, T., Masada, M., Ito, F. and Oku, N. (1990) Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38, 1663-1666). In this present study, we examined the blood clearance and biodistribution of PGlcUA-liposomes (dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol/PGlcUA = 40:40:20 as a molar ratio) in normal and tumor-bearing mice. Liposomes containing dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) instead of PGlcUA was also examined as a control. When [3H]inulin-encapsulated PGlcUA-liposomes and DPPG-liposomes were intravenously injected into normal mice, approx. 50% of the 3H radioactivity was recovered from the liver, the bulk of RES, at 12 h after administration of DPPG-liposomes, while only approx. 20% of it was found there when PGlcUA-liposomes were administered. Radioactivity remaining in the plasma at 12 h after injection was 5-fold higher when PGlcUA-liposomes were injected than when DPPG-liposomes were used. Biodistribution of liposomes in tumor-bearing mice was also examined. Mice were inoculated with 10(7) S180 cells into the hind leg. After 1 week, liposomes were injected. Radioactivity of [3H]inulin originally encapsulated in the PGlcUA-liposomes accumulated in the tumor to an extent 3-4-fold higher than that of the marker in DPPG-liposomes. Liver/tumor ratio of the radioactivity was 12 for DPPG-liposomes and only 2 for PGlcUA-liposomes. This latter value is the lowest of various liposome formulations ever reported.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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