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Am J Cardiol. 2006 Jan 1;97(1):77-82. Epub 2005 Nov 16.

Flow mediated dilatation and cardiac function in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium.


The present study sought to examine the occurrence of subclinical markers of cardiovascular risk and cardiac dysfunction with increasing disease duration in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). There are few data on subclinical cardiovascular abnormalities in type 1 DM. The study included 100 patients without any cardiovascular complaints (mean age 46.6 years, range 22 to 63), with a history of type 1 DM ranging from 2 to 36 years, and 75 age-matched controls. Standard 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography and pulse-wave tissue Doppler (tD) mapping of systolic (Sm) and diastolic (Em, Am) velocities (12 left ventricular [LV] segments and right-sided cardiac) were performed. An Em/Am ratio of <1 was considered to represent abnormal segmental diastolic function. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, carotid intima media thickness (IMT) measurement, and extensive laboratory analysis were performed. The FMD was reduced, and IMT increased in patients (p < 0.01). Regional tD-derived diastolic and systolic functional abnormalities were observed within the first decade of the disease. Significant correlations were found between FMD and LV segments with tD-derived dysfunction, the duration of DM, and fibrinogen (p < 0.0001 for all). Stepwise regression analysis showed that FMD was the strongest predictor of abnormal segmental function (p < 0.0001). Data further presented as an analysis of tertiles by DM duration show an increasing occurrence of subclinical cardiac dysfunction and cardiovascular risk markers compared with age-matched controls. In conclusion, FMD is associated with abnormal segmental cardiac function in type 1 DM.

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