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Cytokine. 2005 Dec 21;32(6):270-9. Epub 2005 Dec 27.

Cytokine interactions in mesenchymal stem cells from cord blood.

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Graduate Institute of Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.


We used cytokine protein array to analyze the expression of cytokines from human cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (CB-MSCs). Several cytokines, interleukins (IL), and growth factors, including ENA-78, GM-CSF, GRO, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, OSM, VEGF, FGF-4, FGF-7, FGF-9, GCP-2, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IP-10, LIF, MIF, MIP-3alpha, osteoprotegerin, PARC, PIGF, TGF-beta2, TGF-beta3, TIMP-1, as well as TIMP-2, were secreted by CB-MSCs, while IL-4, IL-5, IL-7, IL-13, TGF-beta1, TNF-alpha, and TNF-beta were not expressed under normal growth conditions. IL-6, IL-8, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 were the most abundant interleukins expressed by CB-MSCs. A set of growth factors were selected to evaluate their stimulatory effects on the IL6 secretion for CB-MSCs. IL-1beta was the most important factor inducing CB-MSC to secret IL-6. The mechanism by which IL-1beta promoted IL-6 expression in CB-MSCs was studied. By using various inhibitors of signal transduction, we found that activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and MAPK kinase (MEK) is essential in the IL-1beta stimulated signaling cascade which leads to the increase in IL-6 synthesis. Additionally, continuous supplement of IL-1beta in the CB-MSCs culture will facilitate adipogenic maturation of CB-MSCs as evidenced by the presence of oil drops in the CB-MSCs and secretion of leptin, a molecule marker of adipocytes. These results strongly suggest that cytokine induction and signal transduction are important for the differentiation of CB-MSCs.

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