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J Arthroplasty. 2005 Dec;20(8):1060-7.

The functional flexion-extension axis of the knee corresponds to the surgical epicondylar axis: in vivo analysis using a biplanar image-matching technique.

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1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kishiwada City Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

We investigated the concept that the knee has a fixed flexion-extension axis in the posterior femoral condyles and that this functional axis corresponds to the surgical epicondylar axis in vivo. We used a biplanar image-matching technique to perform the in vivo analysis of 9 normal knees to determine the location of the functional flexion-extension axis of the knee using an optimization technique. The functional flexion-extension axis passed through the sulcus of the medial epicondyle and the prominence of the lateral epicondyle. Flexion and extension of the knee could be represented as a rotation around a fixed axis, and this functional axis corresponded to the surgical epicondylar axis during a 0 degrees to 90 degrees flexion. This study assists more understanding of knee kinematics and provides useful information for the design and positioning of the prostheses used in total knee arthroplasty.

PMID:
16376264
DOI:
10.1016/j.arth.2004.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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