Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arthroscopy. 2005 Dec;21(12):1428.

Use of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging to predict rotator cuff tear pattern and method of repair.

Author information

1
Canyon Orthopaedic Surgeons, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Shoulders@pol.net

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for predicting rotator cuff tear pattern and method of repair.

TYPE OF STUDY:

Retrospective MRI/arthroscopy correlation.

METHODS:

Sixty-six preoperative MRI scans were evaluated. The maximum medial to lateral length (L) of the tear was measured on T2-weighted coronal cuts. The maximum anterior to posterior width (W) was measured on T2-weighted sagittal cuts. The cases were divided into 3 groups: group 1, short-wide tears, L < or = W, L < 2 cm; group 2, long-narrow tears, L > W, W < 2 cm; and group 3, long-wide tears, L > or = 2 cm, W > or = 2 cm.

RESULTS:

Of the 66 MRI scans, 55 were adequate for standardized measurement. Group 1, 16 cases: 15 were found at arthroscopy to be crescent-shaped tears repaired end-to-bone; 1 was repaired with interval slides. Group 2, 22 cases: all 22 were repaired side-to-side/margin convergence. Group 3, 17 cases: 12 required interval slides, 1 partial repair was performed, and 4 were repaired side-to-side/margin convergence.

CONCLUSIONS:

Tear pattern and method of repair can be predicted on high-quality MRI scan. Group 1, L < or = W and L < 2 cm, predicts a crescent-shaped tear and end-to-bone repair (positive predictive value, 93.8%). Group 2, L > W and W < 2 cm, predicts a longitudinal tear and side-to-side/margin convergence repair (positive predictive value 100%). Group 3, L > or = 2 cm and W > or = 2 cm, predicts a massive contracted tear and that primary end-to-bone or side-to-side repairs are usually not possible and that interval slides or partial repair may be necessary (positive predictive value, 76.5%). The overall diagnostic model based on usable MRI scans significantly predicted arthroscopic findings (P < .001 for chi-square test).

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level III, development of diagnostic criteria with universally applied reference (nonconsecutive patients).

PMID:
16376230
DOI:
10.1016/j.arthro.2005.09.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center