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Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Dec;23(10):977-82. Epub 2005 Nov 28.

A fast spin echo two-point Dixon technique and its combination with sensitivity encoding for efficient T2-weighted imaging.

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  • 1Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030-4009, USA.


A fast spin echo two-point Dixon (fast 2PD) technique was developed for efficient T2-weighted imaging with uniform water and fat separation. The technique acquires two interleaved fast spin echo images with water and fat in-phase and 180 degrees out-of-phase, respectively, and generates automatically separate water and fat images for each slice. The image reconstruction algorithm uses an improved and robust region-growing scheme for phase correction and achieves consistency in water and fat identification between different slices by exploiting the intrinsic correlation between the complex images from two neighboring slices. To further lower the acquisition time to that of a regular fast spin echo acquisition with a single signal average, we combined the fast 2PD technique with sensitivity encoding (SENSE). Phantom experiments show that the fast 2PD and SENSE are complementary in scan efficiency and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In vivo data from scanning of clinical patients demonstrate that T2-weighted imaging with uniform and consistent fat separation, including breath-hold abdominal examinations, can be readily performed with the fast 2PD technique or its combination with SENSE.

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