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J Phys Chem B. 2005 Dec 22;109(50):23776-8.

Electron transport in coumarin-dye-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes.

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National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan.


We investigated electron transport kinetics in terms of electron diffusion coefficient (D) and electron lifetime (tau) in coumarin-dye-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes by intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy (IMPS) and intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy (IMVS). We found that the values of tau for coumarin-dye-sensitized TiO2 electrodes were much shorter than that for an electrode coated with a Ru complex (N719 dye), suggesting that the back-electron-transfer process corresponding to recombination between conduction-band electrons in the TiO2 and I3- ions in the electrolyte occurs more easily in coumarin-dye-sensitized solar cells. In addition, the values of tau depended on the kind of coumarin dye, each of which has a different number of thiophene moieties, suggesting that the molecular structure of the adsorbed dyes also affects the kinetics of electron transport in the TiO2 electrodes.

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