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Acta Paediatr. 2006 Jan;95(1):17-20.

Early detection of podiatric anomalies in children with Down syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, University Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy. dconcolino@unicz.it

Abstract

AIMS:

To verify the importance of podiatric evaluation in patients with Down syndrome for the early diagnosis and treatment of minor orthopaedic problems.

METHODS:

Case-control study of 50 children affected by Down syndrome (aged 4-10 y) without major orthopaedic malformations compared to 100 healthy children. A complete podiatric examination was performed on all patients and controls.

RESULTS:

Children with Down syndrome showed several orthopaedic anomalies including bony deformity of the forefoot (90%), flat foot (60%), isolated calcaneal valgus (24%), knee valgus (22%) and pronated flat foot (16%). These abnormalities were responsible for postural alterations as confirmed by baropodometric examination.

CONCLUSION:

The data demonstrated a greater incidence of minor orthopaedic alterations and suggest the necessity of regular podiatric examinations in the follow-up of this syndrome.

PMID:
16373291
DOI:
10.1080/08035250500325108
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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