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Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2006 Jan;209(1):57-64. Epub 2005 Oct 12.

Wilms' tumor and exposures to residential and occupational hazardous chemicals.

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  • 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop-E86, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.


This case-control study examines the association between residential and occupational exposures to hazardous chemicals and the risk of Wilms' tumor. The study included 303 cases recruited from six state cancer registries, who were diagnosed between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 1995. A total of 575 controls selected through random digit dialing were frequency matched to the cases. A standard questionnaire was administered to participants during a telephone interview. Parental residential addresses and locations of US Environmental Protection Agency National Priority List (NPL) sites were geocoded and analyzed, along with occupational exposure information. There were no cases of Wilms' tumor found in individuals living within one-half mile distance of a hazardous waste site. However, elevated odds ratios were found for using hairdressing chemicals, motor oil, paint, paint stripper, and pesticides during the pregnancy term and during the 2-year period prior to birth. The findings do not support the hypothesis that Wilms' tumor is associated with residing near an NPL site.

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