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Neuromuscul Disord. 2006 Jan;16(1):14-8. Epub 2005 Dec 20.

Clinical, electrophysiological and molecular genetic studies in a family with X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy presenting a novel mutation in GJB1 Promoter and a rare polymorphism in LITAF/SIMPLE.

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  • 1Unité de Neurophysiologie Clinique, Hôpital Yves Le Foll, 22023 Saint-Brieuc, France.


Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a genetically heterogeneous group of neuropathies. In the demyelinating form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with dominant inheritance, five genes have been incriminated: PMP22, MPZ, LITAF/SIMPLE, EGR2 (CMT1A to D), and GJB1 (CMTX). Here, we report clinical, electrophysiological and molecular genetic studies in a family with a Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease variable phenotype, ranging from asymptomatic to moderately affected. The absence of male-to-male transmission as well as the results of systematic electrophysiological studies suggested a CMTX secondary to a GJB1 mutation. Screening for mutations in the coding regions of PMP22, MPZ, EGR2 and GJB1 was negative. We identified (1) a LITAF/SIMPLE substitution (T49M), absent in 1000 control chromosomes, but which was thought to be a polymorphism because of discrepancies of segregation when considering the results of electrophysiology; and (2) a novel substitution T>C in the P2 promoter of GJB1 at position -529, in the SOX10 binding site S2. The transmission of this second mutation was consistent with the electrophysiological data. We emphasise the role of electrophysiological studies that help to discriminate between asymptomatic subjects and that bring some additional valuable data to the genetic approach.

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