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Nat Chem Biol. 2005 Dec;1(7):366-70.

Small molecules that delay S phase suppress a zebrafish bmyb mutant.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Bmyb is a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor involved in cellular proliferation and cancer. Loss of bmyb function in the zebrafish mutant crash&burn (crb) results in decreased cyclin B1 expression, mitotic arrest and genome instability. These phenotypic observations in crb mutants could be attributed to the decreased expression of cyclin B1, a cell-cycle regulatory protein that is responsible for driving cell progression from G2 through mitosis. To identify small molecules that interact with the bmyb pathway, we developed an embryo-based suppressor screening strategy. In 16 weeks we screened a diverse approximately 16,000 compound library, and discovered one previously unknown compound, persynthamide (psy, 1), that suppressed bmyb-dependent mitotic defects. Psy-treated embryos showed an S-phase delay, and knockdown of the cell-cycle checkpoint regulator ataxia telangiectasia--and Rad-related kinase (ATR) abrogated the suppression of crb. The DNA synthesis inhibitors aphidicolin (2) and hydroxyurea (3) also suppressed crb. S-phase inhibition upregulated cyclin B1 mRNA, promoting the progression of cells through mitosis. Our study demonstrates that chemical suppressor screening in zebrafish can identify compounds with cell-cycle activity and can be used to identify pathways that interact with specific cell-cycle phenotypes.

PMID:
16372403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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