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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2006 Jan-Feb;30(1):33-6.

Multidetector CT urography: comparison of two different scanning protocols for improved visualization of the urinary tract.

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University of Massachusetts Medical School, and Department of Radiology, UMass Memorial Health Care, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.


The goal of this study was to evaluate different CT scanning protocols on the depiction of the urinary tract by multidetector CT. The authors retrospectively reviewed 55 consecutive patients who underwent CT scanograms. Two groups of patients were included: renal donors (n=29) and hematuria patients (n=26). For the renal donor protocol, 120 mL of iodinated contrast was injected and a CT scanogram was obtained after a 5-minute delay. For the hematuria CT urography protocol, 100 mL of contrast was followed by a 250 mL normal saline drip and CT scanograms acquired after an 8-minute delay. Urinary tracts from both imaging protocols were then divided into four segments and evaluated by consensus reading of two experienced radiologists rated on a scale of 0 to 2. Complete visualization of the renal pelvis and the proximal, middle, and distal ureter for the renal donor protocol was noted to be 86%, 57%, 45%, and 52% and for that of the CT urography protocol to be 75%, 65%, 40%, and 44%, respectively. Comparing scanograms of the renal donor protocol and the CT urography protocol, there was no statistically significant difference in the depiction of renal pelvis or the proximal, middle or distal ureteral region (P=0.1625, 0.3226, 0.8636, and 0.6145, respectively). The study demonstrates that there is no significant difference between the CT urography protocol and the renal donor protocol in the depiction of the urinary tract.

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