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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2006 Feb 2;831(1-2):147-55. Epub 2005 Dec 20.

Quantitative determination of zebularine (NSC 309132), a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, and three metabolites in murine plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with on-line radioactivity detection.

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Molecular Therapeutics/Drug Discovery Program, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.


The metabolism of zebularine (NSC 309132), a novel agent that inhibits DNA methyltransferases, is still uncharacterized. To examine the in vivo metabolism of zebularine, an analytical method was developed and validated (based on FDA guidelines) to quantitate 2-[(14)C]-zebularine and its major metabolites in murine plasma. Zebularine and its metabolites uridine, uracil and dihydrouracil were baseline-separated based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography by using an amino column. The assay was accurate and precise in the concentration ranges of 5.0-100 microg/mL for zebularine, 2.5-50 microg/mL for uridine, 1.0-10 microg/mL for uracil and 0.5-5.0 microg/mL for dihydrouracil. This assay is being used to quantitate zebularine and its metabolites in ongoing pharmacokinetic studies of zebularine.

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