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Gene. 2006 Feb 1;366(2):238-45. Epub 2005 Dec 20.

Duplication and extensive remodeling shaped POTE family genes encoding proteins containing ankyrin repeat and coiled coil domains.

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Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Building 37, MSC 4264, 37 Convent Drive Room 5120A, Bethesda, MD 20892-4264, USA.


The POTE family genes encode a highly homologous group of primate-specific proteins that contain ankyrin repeats and coiled coil domains. At least 13 paralogous POTE family genes are found on 8 human chromosomes (2, 8, 13, 14, 15, 18, 21 and 22), which can be sorted into 3 groups based on sequence similarity. We identified by a database search a group of additional human ankyrin repeat domain proteins, of which ANKRD26 and ANKRD30A are the best characterized; these are more distant homologs of POTE family proteins. A comprehensive comparison of the genomic organization indicates that ANKRD26 has the genomic structure of the possible ancestor of ANKRD30A and all POTE family genes. Extensive remodeling involving segmental loss and internal duplication appears to have reshaped the ANKRD30A and POTE family genes after the primal duplication of the ancestor gene. We also identified a mouse homolog of human ANKRD26, but failed to find a mouse homolog that bears the structural characteristics of any of the POTE family of proteins. The mouse Ankrd26 may serve as a useful model for the study of the function of human ANKRD26, ANKRD30A and POTE family proteins.

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