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J Membr Biol. 2005 Jun;205(3):139-45.

Roles of volume-sensitive Cl- channel in cisplatin-induced apoptosis in human epidermoid cancer cells.

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Department of Molecular Biology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555, Japan.


The anti-cancer drug cisplatin induces apoptosis by damaging DNA. Since a stilbene-derivative blocker of Cl-/HCO3- exchangers and Cl- channels, SITS, is known to induce cisplatin resistance in a manner independent of intracellular pH and extracellular HCO3-, we investigated the relation between cisplatin-induced apoptosis and Cl- channel activity in human adenocarcinoma KB cells. A stilbene derivative, DIDS, reduced cisplatin-induced caspase-3 activation and cell death, which were detected over 18 h after treatment with cisplatin. DIDS was also found to reduce sensitivity of KB cells to 5-day exposure to cisplatin. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings showed that KB cells functionally express volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying (VSOR) Cl- channels which are activated by osmotic cell swelling and sensitive to DIDS. Pretreatment of the cells with cisplatin for 12 h augmented the magnitude of VSOR Cl- current. Thus, it is concluded that cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in KB cells is associated with augmented activity of a DIDS-sensitive VSOR Cl- channel and that blockade of this channel is, at least in part, responsible for cisplatin resistance induced by a stilbene derivative.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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