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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 27;102(52):18932-7. Epub 2005 Dec 16.

Structural basis for conductance by the archaeal aquaporin AqpM at 1.68 A.

Author information

1
Macromolecular Structure Group, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, S-412C Genentech Hall, 600 16th Street, San Francisco, CA 94143-2240, USA.

Abstract

To explore the structural basis of the unique selectivity spectrum and conductance of the transmembrane channel protein AqpM from the archaeon Methanothermobacter marburgensis, we determined the structure of AqpM to 1.68-A resolution by x-ray crystallography. The structure establishes AqpM as being in a unique subdivision between the two major subdivisions of aquaporins, the water-selective aquaporins, and the water-plus-glycerol-conducting aquaglyceroporins. In AqpM, isoleucine replaces a key histidine residue found in the lumen of water channels, which becomes a glycine residue in aquaglyceroporins. As a result of this and other side-chain substituents in the walls of the channel, the channel is intermediate in size and exhibits differentially tuned electrostatics when compared with the other subfamilies.

PMID:
16361443
PMCID:
PMC1323191
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0509469102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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