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Urology. 2005 Dec;66(6):1332-7.

Detrusor overactivity induced by intravesical application of adenosine 5'-triphosphate under different delivery conditions in rats.

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Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.



To investigate the effects of intravesical application of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) on bladder activity to elucidate the role of urothelial barrier function and ecto-ATPase activity in the ATP-mediated mechanism inducing detrusor overactivity.


Continuous cystometry by an intravesical catheter inserted from the bladder dome was performed in conscious female rats.


ATP solutions adjusted to pH 6.0 did not elicit significant detrusor overactivity at a concentration of 60 mM. However, in bladders pretreated with protamine sulfate (10 mg/mL) to increase urothelial permeability, ATP solution (pH 6.0) induced detrusor overactivity by decreasing the intercontraction intervals. These irritant effects of ATP after protamine treatment were antagonized by P2X receptor antagonists, such as pyridoxal-5-phosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulfonic acid (70 micromol/kg) and 2',3'-O-(2,4,6, trinitrophenyl) ATP (30 micromol/kg). These were also suppressed in rats pretreated with systemic capsaicin (125 mg/kg subcutaneously). Alpha,beta-methylene ATP (5 mM, pH 6.0) or ATP (60 mM, pH6) after intravesical infusion of 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (5 mM, pH 6.0), an ecto-ATPase inhibitor, induced detrusor overactivity without protamine pretreatment, but the reduction in intercontraction intervals was smaller compared with that with ATP after protamine treatment.


Low permeability of bladder epithelium and ecto-ATPase activity can prevent ATP activation of subepithelial P2X receptors to induce bladder overactivity. Thus, enhanced penetration of endogenous ATP owing to urothelial damage may contribute to urinary frequency and bladder pain in hypersensitive bladder disorders such as interstitial cystitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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