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Am J Cardiol. 2005 Dec 15;96(12):1731-3. Epub 2005 Nov 2.

Venous thromboembolism in patients with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.

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St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital, Pontiac, Michigan, USA.


The rates of pulmonary embolism (PE), deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and their combination, venous thromboembolism (VTE), in hospitalized patients with stroke from 1979 to 2003 were determined from the National Hospital Discharge Survey. Of 14,109,000 patients hospitalized with ischemic stroke, PE occurred in 72,000 (0.51%), DVT in 104,000 (0.74%), and VTE in 165,000 (1.17%). Of 1,606,000 patients hospitalized with hemorrhagic stroke, rates were higher: PE occurred in 11,000 (0.68%), DVT in 22,000 (1.37%), and VTE in 31,000 (1.93%). The rates of VTE with ischemic stroke and with hemorrhagic stroke did not change over the 25-year period of observation.

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