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Eur J Pharmacol. 2006 Jan 13;530(1-2):81-7. Epub 2005 Dec 15.

Effects of systemic administration of beta-casomorphin-5 on learning and memory in mice.

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Laboratory of Cell Biology, Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Takatsuki, Japan.


The effects of systemic administration of bovine beta-casomorphin-5 (Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly), a mu-opioid receptor agonist derived from milk beta-casein, on spontaneous alternation behavior in the Y-maze (spatial short-term memory) and step-down-type passive avoidance response (non-spatial long-term memory) were investigated in mice. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of beta-casomorphin-5 (0.1-20 mg/kg) did not have a significant effect on either spontaneous alternation behavior or passive avoidance response. However, a low dose (1 mg/kg, i.p.) of beta-casomorphin-5 improved scopolamine (1 mg/kg, s.c.)-induced impairment of spontaneous alternation behavior and passive avoidance response. Pretreatment with intracerebroventricular injections of beta-funaltrexamine (a mu-opioid receptor antagonist, 0.1 microg/mouse) and naloxonazine (a mu(1)-opioid antagonist, 5 microg/mouse), which did not improve scopolamine-induced impairment, prevented the ameliorating effect of beta-casomorphin-5 on scopolamine-induced impairment of passive avoidance response. These results indicated that systemic administration of a low dose (1 mg/kg, i.p.) of beta-casomorphin-5 improves the disturbance of learning and memory resulting from cholinergic dysfunction through central mediation involving mu(1)-opioid receptors.

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