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Immunity. 2005 Dec;23(6):635-47.

The juxtamembrane wedge negatively regulates CD45 function in B cells.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.


CD45 is a receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase highly expressed on all nucleated hematopoietic cells. We previously generated mice containing a point mutation in the juxtamembrane wedge of CD45. Demonstrating the critical negative regulatory function of the wedge, the CD45 E613R mutation led to a lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) and a lupus-like autoimmune syndrome. Here we show the central role of B cells in this phenotype. Genetic elimination of B cells, but not T cells, ablates the LPD. In contrast to CD45-deficient B cells, the E613R mutation generates hyperresponsive B cells. Comparison of CD45-deficient and CD45 E613R mice reveals dichotomous effects of these mutations on B cell development. Together, the results support a role for CD45 as a rheostat, with both positive and negative regulatory functions, that fine-tunes the signal transduction threshold at multiple checkpoints in B cell development.

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