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Bioelectrochemistry. 2006 Sep;69(1):25-33. Epub 2005 Dec 13.

Remote NADH imaging through an ordered array of electrochemiluminescent nanoapertures.

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1
Laboratoire d'Analyse Chimique par Reconnaissance Moléculaire, Université Bordeaux I, ENSCPB, 16 avenue Pey-Berland, 33607 Pessac, France.

Abstract

In this report, we present an ordered array comprising thousands of nanoapertures for the electrochemiluminescent (ECL) detection of NADH. It was fabricated on the distal face of a coherent optical fiber bundle. Such a high-density array of nanoapertures combines optical, imaging and electrochemical properties. Indeed, each nanoaperture is surrounded by a gold nanoring, which acts as an electrode material. The behavior of the array was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and it shows excellent electrochemical performances. NADH is the analyte, which is measured in presence of Ru(bpy)3(2+). The ruthenium complex mediates the NADH oxidation and this coenzyme acts as a co-reactant in the ECL mechanism. ECL light is generated at the distal face of the array by each gold ring electrode. A fraction of this ECL light is collected by the corresponding nanoaperture, transmitted through the optical fiber bundle and finally imaged on the proximal face with a CCD camera. In this work, we show that NADH concentration is remotely detected by an oxidative-reductive ECL mechanism. We present also some preliminary results about the ECL process of NADH with Ru(bpy)3(2+). The ECL behavior of NADH on gold surface is reported. The influence of the applied potential on the collected light intensity was investigated. The variation of the ECL intensity measured through the nanoaperture array with NADH concentration is linear. Remote ECL detection of NADH is spatially resolved over a large area with a micrometer resolution through the array. Therefore, such array integrates several complementary functions: ECL light generation, collection, transmission and remote imaging in an array format.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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