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Exp Parasitol. 2006 Feb;112(2):92-8. Epub 2005 Dec 13.

Distribution of IgG subclass antibodies specific for Plasmodium falciparum glutamate-rich-protein molecule in sickle cell trait children with asymptomatic infections.

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Unité de Recherches Médicales, Hôpital Albert Schweitzer, Lambaréné, Gabon.


Polymorphism in the beta-globin gene (hemoglobin S) has been associated with protection against severe forms of malaria. In a cross-sectional study, 180 young Gabonese children with and without sickle cell trait and harboring asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections, were assessed for the responses to recombinant protein containing the conserved region of glutamate-rich protein (GLURP). We reported increased age-dependence of antibody prevalence and levels of total IgG (p<0.0001), IgG1 (p=0.009), and IgG3 (p<0.03) antibodies to GLURP with a cut-off at 5 years of age. Whatever the hemoglobin type, cytophilic antibodies (IgG1 and IgG3) were prevalent, but GLURP-specific IgG4 antibodies were detected at significantly (p<0.05) lower levels in HbAS children. We showed that the distribution of non-cytophilic IgG antibodies differs according to the hemoglobin type and to the malaria antigens tested. This may have possible implication for the clearance of malaria parasites and for protection against severe malaria.

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