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Arthritis Res Ther. 2006;8(1):R3.

Adalimumab clinical efficacy is associated with rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody titer reduction: a one-year prospective study.

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Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, L Sacco University Hospital, 74 Via GB Grassi, 20157 Milano, Italy.


Studies on autoantibody production in patients treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors reported contradictory results. We investigated in a prospective study the efficacy of a treatment with human monoclonal anti-TNF-alpha antibody (adalimumab) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and we evaluated the relationship between treatment efficacy and the incidence and titers of disease-associated and non-organ-specific autoantibodies. Fifty-seven patients with RA not responsive to methotrexate and treated with adalimumab were enrolled. Antinuclear, anti-double-stranded(ds)DNA, anti-extractable nuclear antigens, anti-cardiolipin (aCL), anti-beta2 glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) autoantibodies, rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) autoantibodies were investigated at baseline and after 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Comparable parameters were evaluated in a further 55 patients treated with methotrexate only. Treatment with adalimumab induced a significant decrease in RF and anti-CCP serum levels, and the decrease in antibody titers correlated with the clinical response to the therapy. A significant induction of antinuclear autoantibodies (ANA) and IgG/IgM anti-dsDNA autoantibodies were also found in 28% and 14.6% patients, respectively, whereas aCL and anti-beta2GPI autoantibodies were not detected in significant quantities. No association between ANA, anti-dsDNA, aCL and anti-beta2GPI autoantibodies and clinical manifestations was found. Clinical efficacy of adalimumab is associated with the decrease in RF and anti-CCP serum levels that was detected after 24 weeks and remained stable until the 48th week of treatment. Antinuclear and anti-dsDNA autoantibodies, but not anti-phospholipid autoantibodies, can be induced by adalimumab but to a lower extent than in studies with other anti-TNF blocking agents.

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