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Oral Health Prev Dent. 2005;3(3):141-9.

Effect of regular fluoride gel application on incipient carious lesions.

Author information

1
Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil. angelaferreira@matrix.com.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the efficacy of weekly supervised tooth-brushing with a toothpaste and a 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF) gel on white lesion reversal to treat incipient enamel lesions.

DESIGN:

A double-blind and randomized controlled trial.

SAMPLE AND METHODS:

Three-hundred seven to 12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren who presented with white spots on the buccal surfaces of permanent upper incisors were randomly allocated to three groups. In group I, children underwent supervised tooth-brushing and APF gel (1.23%) for one minute once a week. In group II, children were subjected to a weekly supervised tooth-brushing and a topical application of placebo, whereas group III (control) received no intervention. An expert dental examiner performed all intra-oral examinations for dental caries (DMF-s and dmf-s) and oral hygiene (Visible Plaque Index, Gingival Blood Index).

RESULTS:

After three months, 258 children and 460 lesions were analyzed. The results of the clinical evaluation of arrested white spots did not differ significantly (p = 0.95) between the two experimental groups (57.9% in group I and 56.8% in group II) but differed significantly between them and the control group (p = 0.022). Logistic regression analysis identified gingival blood index (OR = 1.70, CI = 1.13 -2.55), DMF-s2 (OR = 1.61, CI = 1.07-2.43) and number of white spot lesions (OR = 1.76, CI = 1.04 to 2.98) as independent 'risk' factors for white spot lesion activities. On the other hand, supervised tooth-brushing with APF (OR = 0.55, CI = 0.34-0.91) or without APF (OR = 0.58, CI = 0.35-0.94) was a protective factor.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that the weekly supervised tooth-brushing was able to arrest enamel white spots and that poor oral hygiene increases the probability of keeping white spots active.

PMID:
16355647
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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